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The If command is used to make choices. If true then do this, else do that. There are several different forms of the if command. For example:

if <condition> then <do statements>
if <condition> then <do statements> else <do other statements>
if <condition> then <do statements>
else <do other statements>
if <condition> then
  <do statements>
else
  <do other statements>
end if

Suppose there is a variable myVar that changes value several different places in your program. Then at one point in your program, you need to know if it is a particular value. The following two forms of the if command will do this, for example:

if myVar = 32 then answer "Variable myVar is 32 now!"  -- checks for 32 then answer
if myVar = 75 then                         -- check for 75
  answer "Variable myVar is correct now!"  -- do answer
  put myVar - 15 into hisVar               -- hisVar = 60
end if                                     -- end the if command

Both forms of the if command above will work. The top form will work when only one thing is to be done (in this case the answer statement). If there are several statements to executed, the lower form must be used. Those several statements would be inserted before the end if. Another example:

if myVar = 12 then                        -- check for 12
  answer "This should do it!"             -- do answer
  add 7 to myVar                          -- myVar = 15
  put myVar+43 into mySum                 -- mySum = 50
end if                                    -- end the if command

You can add also use an else option for when the check is not true, look at the following example:

if myVar = "thirty-five" then                  -- check for "thirty-five"
  answer "Variable myVar is proper now!"       -- if true, do answer
  put 55 into myVaristor                       -- myVaristor = 55
else                                           -- if not true...
  answer "Variable myVar is not proper."       -- do answer
  put 66 to myVaristor                         -- myVaristor = 66
end if                                         -- end the if command

You can nest an if command inside another one. This can be done to as many levels down as you wish. But after a few levels, it gets complicated. For example, suppose the variable myAnimal contains a string naming an animal:

if myAnimal = "Rat" then                           -- check for "Rat"
  answer "myAnimal is a rodent"                    -- if true, do answer
  put 44 into yourAnimal                           -- yourAnimal = 44
else                                               -- if not true...
  if myAnimal = "Eagle" then                       -- check for "Eagle"
    answer "myAnimal is a bird"                    -- if true, do answer
    put 17 before yourAnimal                       -- yourAnimal = 17 44
  else                                             -- if not true...
    if myAnimal = "Cow" then                       -- check for "Cow"
      answer "myAnimal is a bovine"                -- if true, do answer
      put 33 after yourAnimal                      -- yourAnimal = 17 44 33
    else                                           -- if not true...
      answer "Don't know what myAnimal is?"        -- do answer
      answer  "What is now?" & yourAnimal          -- do answer
    end if                                         -- end the if command
  end if                                           -- end the if command
end if                                             -- end the if command

While the above works proper, a switch command is much easier to follow. Check it out.

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